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Yes. In Texas, relatively few roads are closed to bicycle traffic. However, toll roads (Sam Rayburn Tollway) and some freeways, including interstates and highways (U.S. 75) are closed to bicyclists. Texas state law considers a bicycle to be a vehicle and they must be operated in accordance with vehicular laws on the street.
For example, cyclists must:
Bicyclists, like motorists, must obey Texas state law regarding pedestrian right-of-way.
At crosswalks The operator of a vehicle shall yield the right of way to a pedestrian crossing a roadway in a crosswalk when:
A pedestrian may not suddenly leave a curb or other place of safety and proceed into a crosswalk in the path of a vehicle so close that it is impossible for the vehicle operator to yield.
The operator of a vehicle approaching from the rear of a vehicle that is stopped at a crosswalk to permit a pedestrian to cross a roadway may not pass the stopped vehicle.
At points other than crosswalks A pedestrian shall yield the right of way to a vehicle on the highway if crossing a roadway at a place:
A pedestrian may cross a roadway intersection diagonally only if and in the manner authorized by a traffic control device.
While riding a bike on the sidewalk is not prohibited, it should be noted that sidewalks are for pedestrians. Except for very young cyclists under parental supervision, sidewalks are not for bicycling. Much like wrong way riding, sidewalk riding can lead to crashes since it places bicyclists in situations where others do not expect them.
If a cyclist chooses to ride on the sidewalk, these guidelines are strongly encouraged: Be courteous, ride at a low speed, stay right, pass left, clearly announce when passing, yield to slower users, stop at stop signs and wear a helmet.